WHO: 10 Facts on Mental Health

 

mental health

Your mental health plays a crucial role to your overall well-being.  Below is a list of 10 Facts on Mental Health, that have been researched and sourced from the World Health Organization and the Canadian Mental Health Association.

  1. Mental health and substance use disorders are the leading cause of disability worldwide. 
  2. About 800 000 people suicide every year.
    • Suicide accounts for 24% of deaths among adolescents and young adults (ages 14-24 years old). 16% of deaths among ages 25-44 years old are suicide cases. Men are four times more at risk to suicide compared to women. Mental disorders and harmful use of alcohol contribute to many suicides around the world. Early identification and effective management are key to ensuring that people receive the care they need. There are indications that for each adult who died of suicide there may have been more than 20 others attempting suicide.
  3. Around 20% of the world’s children and adolescents have mental disorders or problems. 
    • 10% of Canadian youth are affected by a mental health issue. Approximately 5% of male youth and 12% female youth (ages 12-19 years old) have experienced a major depressive episode. 3.2 million Canadian youths are at a high risk of developing depression.
  4. War and disasters have a large impact on mental health and psycho-social well-being.
    • Rates of mental disorder tend to double after emergencies, high levels of distress and trauma.
  5. Mental disorders are important risk factors for other diseases, as well as unintentional and intentional injury. 
    • Surpassed only by injuries, mental disorders in youth are ranked as the second highest hospital care expenditure in Canada.
  6. Stigma and discrimination against patients and families prevent people from seeking mental health care.
    • Misunderstanding and stigma surrounding mental ill health are widespread and pose as barriers to those who need assistance. Despite the existence of effective treatments for mental disorders, there is a false belief that they are untreatable or that people with mental disorders are difficult, not intelligent, or incapable of making decisions. This stigma can lead to abuse, rejection and isolation and exclude people from health care or support. Within the health system, people are too often treated in institutions which resemble human warehouses rather than places of healing. Luckily, Canada is trying to provide assistance that advocates for the rights of individuals who face mental health issues and end stigma.
  7. Human rights violations of people with mental and psycho-social disability are routinely reported in most countries.
    • These include physical restraint, seclusion and denial of basic needs and privacy. Few countries have a legal framework that adequately protects the rights of people with mental disorders.
  8. Globally, there is huge inequity in the distribution of skilled human resources for mental health.
    • Shortages of psychiatrists, psychiatric nurses, psychologists, therapist, and social workers are among the main barriers to providing treatment and care in low- and middle-income countries. Low-income countries have 0.05 psychiatrists and 0.42 nurses per 100 000 people. The rate of psychiatrists in high income countries is 170 times greater and for nurses is 70 times greater. Not to mention Recreation therapy is not accessible to many low-middle income families, which teaches important life skills that promotes over all well-being and mental health.
  9. There are 5 key barriers to increasing mental health services availability.
    • In order to increase the availability of mental health services, there are 5 key barriers that need to be overcome:
      • The absence of mental health from the public health agenda and the implications for funding;
      • The current organization of mental health services;
      • Lack of integration within primary care;
      • Inadequate human resources for mental health;
      • Lack of public mental health leadership.
  10. Financial resources to increase services are relatively modest.
  • The economic cost of mental illnesses in Canada for the health care system was estimated to be at least $7.9 billion in 1998 – $4.7 billion in care, and $3.2 billion in disability and early death.

  • An additional $6.3 billion was spent on uninsured mental health services and time off work for depression and distress that was not treated by the health care system.

  • In 1999, 3.8% of all admissions in general hospitals (1.5 million hospital days) were due to anxiety disorders, bipolar disorders, schizophrenia, major depression, personality disorders, eating disorders and suicidal behavior.Sources: The Report on Mental Illness in Canada, October 2002. EBIC 1998 (Health Canada 2002), Stephens et al., 2001

Mental illnesses can be managed effectively.

Education 81315

Source: http://www.who.int/features/factfiles/mental_health/mental_health_facts/en/

https://cmha.ca/about-cmha/fast-facts-about-mental-illness

2 thoughts on “WHO: 10 Facts on Mental Health

  1. nice post

    Liked by 1 person

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